Medieval Last Names in 2020

Medieval surnames had a far more valuable meaning attached to them in Medieval England, so they do now inherit our surname effectively. Medieval Last Names usually have something in it, and below are some of the most common surnames found in Medieval England and their meaning.

Names start with A

  • Abbey – someone that works in an abbey
  • Arkwright – a person that makes arks
  • Aimar – A famous or noble individual
  • Anderson – Son of Andrew
  • Atkinson/ Atkins – Son of Atkin 

B

  • Baker/ Baxter – A bread maker
  • Bauer – peasant
  • Bell – Bell-ringer
  • Brewster – Someone who works in a brewery
  • Bigge – A significant and robust individual
  • Bennett – A blessed individual
  • Blythe – Happy or joyous
  • Bonner – kind or courteous
  • Brown– Someone with dark-colored hair 
  • Bell – An individual that lives near a town bell
  • Bridge – Someone lives by a bridge
  • Bryson – Son of Brice

Medieval Last Names start with C

  • Chamberlain – One that looked after mansions
  • Chandler – A candle maker
  • Chapman – Shopkeeper
  • Clarke – teacher, a scholar, a secretary, or a priest
  • Collier – coal miner
  • Cooper – Someone that made wooden buckets
  • Chance – A lucky person
  • Curtis – An elegant person with excellent and courtly manners
  • Cruikshank – One with bent legs

D

  • Dempster – Judge
  • Dear– One that is loved
  • Devine – One that behaved in a divine manner
  • Daft – Someone with a mild 
  • Dunn – Someone with dark-colored skin

E

  • Everett – Brave 
  • Erickson – Son of Erick

F

  • Fish/ Fisher – Fisherman or a fish seller
  • Fish – Good swimmer
  • Fox – Crafty person 
  • Fox – An individual with red hair
  • Forest – Someone lives by a forest

G

  • Gardner/ Gardiner – Person that owned a garden 
  • Grant – Someone great
  • Grey – Someone with grey clothes

H

  • Harper – Individual who made harps
  • Hardy – Bold
  • Hawk – Someone with a fierce temper
  • Hindman – A courteous person
  • Hughes – Son of Hugh
  • Hill – One who lives by a hill 

I

  • Inman – An innkeeper

Medieval surnames start with J

  • Jenner – Engineer
  • Jameson – Son of John
  • Johnson – Son of John

K

  • Kemp – A jouster
  • Kitchener – Person that works in the kitchen
  • Knight – knight
  • Koch – A cook
  • Kocher – A cook
  • Keen – Brave
  • Kennedy – Someone with an ugly face
  • Knapp – One that lives at the top of a hill

L

  • Lister – Dyer
  • Lightfoot – Someone that walks rapidly
  • Lancaster – One that comes from Lancaster
  • London – One that comes from London

M

  • Miller – Person who works in a mill
  • Mannering – A manly person
  • Moody – Brave person
  • Mundy – A person born on Monday
  • Morrell – Short person with a dark complexion
  • Meredith – Descended from Maredudd 
  • Morrison – Son of Morris 

N

  • Norton – One that lives north of a town

P

  • Packard – A person that sells stolen goods
  • Page – A young servant
  • Payne – A pagan
  • Palmer – A pilgrim
  • Parker – The keeper of the park
  • Porter – The doorkeeper
  • Peacock – The nickname for an arrogant person
  • Power – Poor person
  • Pratt – The nickname for a trickster 
  • Proude – A person who proud
  • Pruitt – A brave and fearless individual
  • Puttock – A greedy person 
  • Park – One who lives by the park

Q

  • Quick – An agile person

R

  • Rolfe – A peasant
  • Ryder – A warrior
  • Rey – Acts like a king
  • Rose – A person with a rosy complexion
  • Russ – a person with red hair 
  • Root – One that is cheerful and happy
  • Russell – One with red hair 
  • Robertson – Son of Robert
  • Rose – One who lives in an area where there are many roses

Medieval Last Names start with S

  • Saylor – An acrobat or a dancer
  • Scrivens – A writer
  • Sommer – Farmer that had to pay taxes in the summer
  • Smith – Metalworker
  • Spinner – A person that spins wool
  • Steele – A person that works steel
  • Stoddard – A horse keeper
  • Swift – A messenger
  • Selly – a blessed individual
  • Sharp – An intelligent
  • Short – the short person
  • Sommer – a cheerful person
  • Sparks – a lively individual
  • Spear – Thin person
  • Stern – Someone that has a severe character
  • Swann/ Swan – People have known for their purity 
  • Sweet – a nickname for a friendly and pleasant person
  • Sullivan – One with a good eyesight
  • Simson – Son of Simon
  • Shaw – One who lives by the woods
  • Sommer – One that lives in a sunny area

T

  • Taylor – A tailor
  • Tinker – Person that mends kitchen utensils
  • Toller – A person that collected taxes
  • Tait – someone cheerful, happy
  • Terrell – a suborn individual
  • Truman – a trustworthy person
  • Townsend – One who lives on the outskirts of the town
  • Tuft – One that lives near many trees and bushes
  • Tracey – One individual that comes from France

W

  • Wainwright – A person that made carts
  • Walter – Water-bearer 
  • Ward – Guardian
  • Webb – Weaver – Last names that describe character traits 
  • Wallace– a Celt, or a foreigner, stranger
  • Wild – wild
  • Ware – An astute person 
  • Whitehead – A person with blonde hair – Surnames that indicate family lineage
  • Williamson – Son of William

Medieval Last Names start with Y

  • Yohe – One who lives near a stream
  • York – One that comes from York

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